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May 16, 2010May 16, 2010  1 comments  Historical Sites

Just outside of Zion Gate is a cluster of religious sites that will be especially popular in Jerusalem this week as Jewish and Christian feasts converge and bring to light these locations on Mount Zion.

The Jewish Feast of Shavuot (Weeks), celebrated by Christians as Pentecost, begins on Tuesday evening. The holiday comes 50 days after Passover and Easter.

The site of the Upper Room is a memorial to Jesus’ Last Supper and the place the disciples waited for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit after Jesus’ ascension into heaven, both of which are believed to have occurred in the general vicinity.

“When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them.” Acts 2:1-3

pentecost, mount zion, upper roomThe site is also holy to the Jews as the traditional location of David‘s tomb. Mount Zion Church, with the Last Supper and Upper Room, is one floor above David’s tomb. The building where both are housed was built in the 12th century.

Entry to all locations is free of charge and pilgrims to all sites respect the others’ religious observances.

The word Pentecost is from the Greek, meaning 50. The word is based on the scripture in Leviticus 23:16: “Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath, and then present an offering of new grain to the Lord.” Fifty days also elapsed between Jesus’ ascension into heaven and the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.

Shavuot is one of the three annual pilgrimage feasts to Jerusalem, along with Passover and Tabernacles. Consequently, Jerusalem was filled with devout Jews on the day the disciples received the Holy Spirit and when Peter stepped outside and spoke to thousands of people of the testimony of Jesus.


By Nicole Jansezian, Travelujah

Nicole Jansezian writes for Travelujah.com, the only Christian social network focused on travel to the Holy Land. Travelujah is a vibrant online community offering high quality Christian content, user and expert blogs, travel tours and planning services for people interested in connecting to the land.


June 7, 2013June 7, 2013  0 comments  Religious ceremonies

 

When the day of Pentecost came, all the believers were gathered together in one place. […] Then they saw what looked like tongues of fire which spread out and touched each person there. They were all filled with the Holy Spirit […]” (Acts 2:1-4)

 

According to Jewish tradition, feast of Pentecost (Shavout) commemorates the day in which Moses received the Law of the Lord God on the Mount Sinai. Pentecost is celebrated 50 days after Passover.

 

2 millennia years ago, on a day of Pentecost celebration, all the believers in Christ gathered together in one place in Jerusalem. At once, they heard some strange noise which came from the sky and was similar to blowing of a strong wind. Then all of the sudden, the Holy Spirit in a shape of fire tongues touched disciple’s heads and filled them. That enabled the believers to speak in many different languages.

 

Pentecost by Jean Restout, 1732 Pentecost by Jean Restout, 1732

 

It was the time in which those words of Christ has been fulfilled: “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift I told you about, the gift my Father promised. John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.” (Acts 1:4-5) The beginning for the Church was marked by that first baptism of the Spirit.

 

After that, many people, and among them religious Jews who came to Jerusalem from all over the world, heard the disciples speaking in their languages. Most of the gathered ones were amazed by the miracle, but there were also some who disbelieved. So apostle Peter, explained to them that the things they have just seen were foretold by prophet Joel: I will pour out my Spirit on everyone.
Your sons and daughters will proclaim my message. […] (Joel 2:28-32)

 

On that day, also many of the gathered people believed and were baptized in the name of Jesus Christ the Messiah and joined the Church.

 

Where did it happen?

 

Pentecost; Cenacle the Upper Room

 

The tradition states that the Descent of the Holy Spirit took place in the Cenacle or the Upper Room, which was the same spot where Jesus and his apostles held the Last Supper.

   

The church of the Cenacle is located on the Mount Zion, today just outside of the Zion Gate, but in the times of Christ, this area was included in the city walls.

 

This spot is believed to be the place where the very first congregations of early Christians took place. The foundations of the chapel might date even earlier than to the 3rd century AD. Thus many scholars refer to it as to the ‘little church of God’, which Epiphanus of Salamis (310 - 403) described in his writings based on scripts from the 2nd century. Epiphanus in his documents mentioned that when Hadrian in 135 established Aelia Capitolina, the part of Jerusalem where the Cenacle stood was not much destructed.

 

To learn more about the Cenacle read:

 

 

 

 Christian Feast of Pentecost

 

Pentecost; Cenacle the Upper Room

 

Christians celebrate Pentecost (the fiftieth) 50 days, or more specifically 7 weeks, after the Easter Sunday. It is a movable feast as the Easter is. This year the Western Churches will celebrate it on the 19th of May 2013 and Eastern Churches will celebrate it on the 23rd of June 2013. The difference in the date is caused by using of different liturgical calendars.

 

Pentecost celebrations in Jerusalem

 

Join the Holy Land’s Christians in Pentecost celebrations in Jerusalem on Sunday the 19th of May 2013. There will be a Solemn Mass celebrated by the Patriarch, H.B. Msgr. Fuad Twal in the Church of the Dormition Abbey at 10 am. And in the evening, at 4 pm, the believers will gather in the Cenacle for Vespers presided by Fr. Pierbattista Pizzaballa, Custos of the Holy Land.

 

If you go:

 

Pentecost; Cenacle the Upper Room

 

The Upper Room is located just outside of the Zion Gate of Jerusalem’s Old City. After exiting through the gate, you will see a gray door of a Franciscan Convet and on its side there will be a sign ‘Coenaculum’ directing you to the right. When turning, in front of your eyes will show up the magnificent Dormition Abbey church. Follow along church’s wall to the left until you will see a statue of King David. In front of the statue are the door you shall enter and take stairs up.

  

Opening Hours: Summer (April – September) 8:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. 3:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m. Winter (October – March) 8:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. 3:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m.

 

Tel.:  02 671-3597

Visit as well:

 

 

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Beata Andonia works for the Bethlehem tourist bureau and blogs regularly about Bethlehem for Travelujah-Holy Land Tours. She is originally from Poland and moved to Bethlehem in 2010.

 

 

 


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