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A first Temple-Era Bone Seal engraved with the name Shaul discovered in the excavations in the Walls around Jerusalem National Park in the City of David
During a visit to the City of David in Jerusalem, the Knesset presidium, headed by Speaker Reuben Rivlin, a Hebrew seal that dates to the time of the First Temple was displayed for the first time. The seal was found in an excavation that is being conducted in the Walls Around Jerusalem National Park, on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and in cooperation with the Nature and Parks Authority, under the direction of Professor Ronny Reich of the University of Haifa and Eli Shukron of the IAA, and underwritten by the ‘Ir David Foundation'.
The seal, which is made of bone, was found broken and is missing a piece from its upper right side. Two parallel lines divide the surface of the seal into two registers in which Hebrew letters are engraved. A period followed by a floral image or a tiny fruit appear at the end of the bottom name. The name of the seal's owner was completely preserved and it is written in the shortened form of the name Shaul (or Saul). The name is known from both the Bible (Genesis 36:37; 1 Samuel 9:2; 1 Chronicles 4:24 and 6:9) and from other Hebrew seals.
According to Professor Reich, "This seal joins another Hebrew seal that was previously found and three Hebrew bullae (pieces of clay stamped with seal impressions) that were discovered nearby. These five items have great chronological importance regarding the study of the development of the use of seals. While the numerous bullae that were discovered in the adjacent rock-hewn pool were found together with pottery sherds from the end of the ninth and beginning of the eighth centuries BCE, they do not bear any Semitic letters. On the other hand, the five Hebrew epigraphic artifacts were recovered from the soil that was excavated outside the pool, which contained pottery sherds that date to the last part of the eighth century.
It seems that the development in the design of the seals occurred in Judah during the course of the eighth century BCE. At the same time as they engraved figures on the seal, at some point they also started to engrave them with the names of the seals' owners. This was apparently when they started to identify the owner of the seal by his name rather than by some sort of graphic representation."
It appears that the "office" which administered the correspondence and received the goods that were all sealed with bullae continued to exist and operate within a regular format even after a residential dwelling was constructed inside the same "rock-hewn pool" and the soil and the refuse that contained the many aforementioned bullae were trapped beneath its floor. This "office" continued to generate refuse that included bullae, which were opened and broken, as well as seals that were no longer used and were discarded into the heap of rubbish that continued to accumulate in the vicinity.
Another fantastic archaeological gem will go on display soon in Israel. The largest wall to ever be discovered in the City of David is to be displayed to the public this coming week. According to archaeologists, the wall dates back 3,700 years to the time of biblical Abraham, during the Middle Bronze Age. The site contains double walls, which reach over 26 feet high. It is believed that the double walls were intended to protect people walking from a location in Jerusalem to a spring some distance away.
The archaeological excavation is a joint project between the Israel Antiquities Authority and University of Haifa. To date, 24 meters of the massive wall have been discovered, the size of which further supports the theory that Jerusalem was a very significant city during this time in history, much more than merely a small village. The massive double wall structure reinforces this theory.
Source: Arutz Sheva, Biblical Archaeology Review
A rare gold bell from the second temple period was discovered in the Jerusalem Archaeological Garden, adjacent to the Western Wall, last week. The bell was apparently sewn to the garment worn by a high official in Jerusalem at the end of the Second Temple period, making it approximately 2000 years old. The excavations are being conducted at the site on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, in cooperation with the Nature and Parks Authority and underwritten by Ir David Foundation.The drainage channel begins in the Shiloah Pool and continues from the City of David to the Jerusalem Archaeological Garden, near the Western Wall.
According to the excavation directors, archaeologists Eli Shukron and Professor Ronny Reich of Haifa University, "It seems the bell was sewn on the garment worn by a high official in Jerusalem at the end of the Second Temple period (first century CE). The bell was exposed inside Jerusalem's main drainage channel at that time, among the layers of earth that had accumulated along the bottom of it. This drainage channel was built and hewn the length of the Western Wall of the Temple Mount, on the bottom of the slope descending to the Tyropoeon Valley. This drainage channel conveyed rainwater from different parts of the city, by way of the City of David and the Shiloah Pool, to Nahal Kidron".
The main street of the Jerusalem is in the region of the excavation, above the drainage channel. This road ascended from the Shiloah Pool in the City of David and an interchange, known today as ‘Robinson's Arch', was built in it, by way of which people entered the Temple Mount. Apparently, the high official was walking in the Jerusalem street in the vicinity of Robinson's Arch and lost the gold bell that fell from his garment into the drainage channel beneath the road.
We know from biblical sources that the high priests, who served in the Temple, used to hang a gold bell from the fringes of their robe. Thus, for example, in the ‘Tetzaveh' Torah portion, in the Book of Exodus, there is a description of the high priest Aaron's robe: "All of blue...it shall have a binding of woven work ...And upon the skirts of it thou shalt make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, round about the skirts thereof; and bells of gold between them round about".
It is impossible to know for certain if the bell did indeed belong to one of the high priests; however, the possibility cannot be entirely discounted.
On the slope of the City of David hill, where the Kidron and Ben Hinnom Valleys meet, the Ancient Shiloah Pool was discovered just a few years ago. This magnificent pool was constructed 2,000 years ago during the days of King Herod, in Jerusalem's glorious building tradition. This grand pool served as an important meeting point for Jerusalem's pilgrims, who would arrive in the city to visit the Temple Mount on the three major Jewish holidays: Passover, the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkoth), and the Festival of Weeks (Shavuot).
The pool is mentioned in the New Testament as the place where Jesus has performed a miracle, as he healed a blind man (John 9 7). An impressive road once connected the Shiloah Pool to the Temple Mount and served as the central axis for all of Jerusalem's pilgrims and visitors. Shops and businesses once lined the length of the Herodian Road and enjoyed the road's centrality and the wide exposure that they had to the many pilgrims who filled Jerusalem on the holidays. The way that leads from the Shiloah Pool in the direction of the Temple Mount reached 600 meters into the valley whose Greek name once was the "Tyropoeon" which means the valley of the cheese mongers.
During the Hellenistic Period the road was lined with the shops and factories of dairy product manufacturers, such that when the winter rains would come, the valley would be washed clean of the refuse and smells that were a by-product of the dairy industry. During Jerusalem's Herodian period the road was paved and at its foot, the Shiloah pool was formed in order to store water for drinking and for the bathing purposes of the visiting pilgrims.
The road became more central and important because of the increasing pilgrimage phenomenon and because of the importance of the Shiloah Pool in the culture of the pilgrims. Specifically, the Shiloah played a critical role in the Libation Ritual ceremony - during which the waters of the Shiloah Pool were brought as an offering at the Temple Mount itself.
Charles Warren in the shaft in 1873 Credit: City of David
In the drainage channels situated beneath the road, impressive artifacts were discovered from the time of the Great Revolt against Rome. The channels themselves and the rare artifacts discovered bear a striking resemblance to the description of Josephus in his book "Wars of the Jews," Volume 6, which tells the story of the Jews who hid "in the tunnels beneath the Shiloah." Thus, this new excavation was able to authenticate Josephus' moving historical description of the aftermath of the Revolt in Jerusalem.City of David is now offering a new tour to showcase this new "Pilgrims Route". The short version of the tour begins from the pool of Siloam and continues to the Givaty parking lot next to the City of David visitors center. The tour length is about 1 hour.
City of David Sidebar:
City of David is opened as follows:
Winter Schedule (Beginning on October 3, 2011):
City of David Tours (English): 10:00am, 2:00pm, Friday: 10:00am
City of David Tours (Hebrew): 10:00am, 2:00pm, Friday: 10:00am
Hasmonean Aqueduct Tour (Hebrew only): Friday only: 10:00am
Segway Tour (English): 1:00pm
Segway Tour (Hebrew): 10:00am, Friday: 9:00am, 11:30am
Summer Schedule (until Rosh Hashanah, September 28):
City of David Tours (Hebrew): 10:00am, 12:00pm, 4:00pm, Friday: 10:00am, 11:00am, 12:00pm
City of David Tours (English): 10:00am, 4:00pm, Friday: 10:00am
Hasmonean Aqueduct Tour (Hebrew): Friday only: 10:00am
Segway Tour (Hebrew): 10:00am, 4:00pm Friday: 9:00am, 11:30am
Segway Tour (English): 1:00pm
Entrance to Warren's Shaft and Hezekiah's Tunnel is permitted until one hour prior to site closing time. Tickets can be purchased up to two hours prior to site closing time.
A person who has bought a ticket for the last entrance time to Warren's Shaft cannot continue his tour through Hezekiah's tunnel.
Paid parking is available at the Givati parking lot.
Tours in English are available on site for visitors. For an up to date schedule please visit http://www.cityofdavid.org.il. Group tours are available by reservation in advance. For information and reservations call 02-626-8700 or - email@example.com. For groups -firstname.lastname@example.org
General admission pricing is 27 shekel for adults (about $8) and 14 shekel for children ($4). For those prefering a guided tour (highly recommended) the price is 60 shekel per adult and 45 shekel per child. Independent travelers that are members of Travelujah can receive a 15% discount in advance by contacting Travelujah.
Visitors to Israel are sometimes disappointed to discover that many souvenirs sold in the souq here are in fact made in China, India, Turkey or Egypt. But not all. If you're in the market for jewelry fit for royalty, drop by the City of David gift store where painstakingly exact replicas of a pair of earrings worn by Queen Helena of Adiabene 2,000 years ago - and discovered recently at the archaeological site - are now for sale.
The original earring - only one has been found to date - was made of gold and set with pearls and emeralds. The replicas are available in a variety of materials including 14 karat gold set with pearls and green agate. The latter costs NIS 2,449 ($625) - for both earrings. The exquisite piece of jewelry was discovered in nearly pristine condition in 2007 in an area at the northwest corner of the City of David national park known as the Givati Parking Lot Excavation. The original is now on display at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, along with the queen's elaborate royal sarcophagus.
Sarcophagus of Queen Helena of Adiabeme, photo courtesy Wikipedia
Who was Queen Helena, and where was Adiabene?
Adiabene (from the Greek Ἀδιαβηνή, was an ancient kingdom in Assyria with its capital at Arbela. Today the city, called Erbil or Arbil, is the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan, a quasi-independent part of Iraq. The area became Hellenized following the Battle of Gaugamela, sometimes known as the Battle of Arbela, in 331 B.C.E. in which Alexander the Great defeated Darius III of Persia.
But Zeus and Aphrodite ultimately didn't prevail there, just as the pagan gods were no longer believed in across the Roman Empire by the time of Jesus. Judaism was one of the many Eastern religions that drew converts across the theologically bankrupt empire. The rulers of Adiabene, including Queen Helena (known in Jewish sources as Heleni ha-Malka) together with her husband Monobaz I, converted to Judaism from Ashurism around 30 C.E.
The royal family including sons Izates II and Monobaz II then moved to Jerusalem where they lived in a lavish palace immediately to the south of King Herod the Great's renovated Temple Mount.
Helena died in Jerusalem about 56 C.E. and is buried in the pyramidal tomb which she had constructed during her lifetime, three stadia north of Jerusalem. The catacombs, known as the Tombs of the Kings, are located on Nablus Road and belong to France. A sarcophagus with the inscription tzara malchata, in Hebrew and Syriac, was found in 1863 by Louis Felicien de Saulcy. The French explorer mistakenly identified the grave complex as the Tombs of the House of David. De Saulcy believed the bones inside the royal sarcophagus, wrapped in shrouds with golden embroidery, were the remains of a wife of a king of Judea from the First Temple period, possibly Zedekiah or Jehoash. He sent the sarcophagus and other findings to Paris where they were displayed at the Louvre Museum.
According to the Talmud, both Helena and Monobaz donated large funds for Herod's Temple and to the Jewish community in Jerusalem. During a famine there she sent to Alexandria for corn and to Cyprus for dried figs to feed the destitute.
The Talmud also speaks also of valuable presents which the queen presented to the Temple: "Helena had a golden candlestick made over the door of the Temple," to which statement is added that when the sun rose its rays were reflected from the candlestick and everybody knew that it was the time for reading the Shema morning prayer. She also made a golden plate on which was written the passage of the Pentateuch which the high priest read when a wife suspected of infidelity was brought before him.
Archaeological site at the City of David, Jerusalem. Courtesy Gil Kezwer for Travelujah-Holy land Tours
The royal palace of Queen Helena is believed to have been discovered by archaeologist Doron Ben-Ami during his excavations in the City of David in 2007. The monumental building located was destroyed by the Romans in 70 C.E. The ruins contained datable coins, stone vessels and pottery as well as remnants of ancient frescoes. The basement level contained a mikveh ritual bath. Today the site is partially open to the public. Future plans include building a new visitors center and a 500-space parking lot atop the preserved ruins.
If you go:
City of David is opened Sunday through Thursday from 8 am to 7 pm nd Friday 8 to 4 pm in the summer and, in the winter from 8 to 5 pm Monday through Thursday and from 8 to 2 pm on Fridays. Closed Saturdays and holidays. English tours are available on site.
Israel Museum is opened as follows:
Sun, Mon, Wed, Thurs 10 am - 5 pm
Tues 4pm - 9 pm (*Please note the Museum is closed on Tuesday mornings and during special holiday hours - see below)
Fri and holiday eves 10 am - 2 pm
Sat and holidays 10 am - 5 pm
* * * *
Gil Kezwer is a tour guide and writes regularly for Travelujah, the leading Christian social network focused on travel to the Holy Land.
So you've been to Jerusalem before, seen the major sites and have done the "tourist thing" already, perhaps more than once. Now it is time to go a little farther off the beaten path in the Israeli capital and find some nooks on the road less travelled.
Travelujah has some suggestions for several nontraditional sites you can see if you only have two days in Jerusalem, or you can stretch these sites into a three-day visit. The locations are laid out in geographical order, but can be rearranged, skipped or revisited. Please note that opening hours and admission fees are subject to change.
Starting your tour on Nablus Road in East Jerusalem, you can first find yourself at The Prayer House, a relatively new house of prayer run by the Baptist church. The 120-year-old building was once the Swedish consulate but was sold to Christians in 1968. The building has been used for many purposes over the last three decades, but now is dedicated to prayer and quiet reflection. The location, on the seam line between Jewish, Muslim and ancient Christian neighborhoods, is an ideal place to pray, according to Anita Thorne who runs the house along with her husband, Dale. This is not another site to visit, it is an interactive experience, Anita says. Visit only if you plan to pray and spend time in quiet reflection.
Once back on Nablus Road, head toward the Old City. Along Nablus Road is a small turn off to the Garden Tomb, believed by many to be the burial an resurrection site of Jesus. The garden and sepulchre may have been owned by Joseph of Arimathea. The peaceful gardens also provide an overlook to the possible site of Golgotha, the hill of the skull, where Jesus was believed to be crucified.
Before entering the Old City walls, to the east of Damascus Gate, is Zedekiah‘s Cave, or Solomon's Quarries, traditionally thought to be the source of the stones for the Temple. Jewish and Muslim legends claim that tunnels in those caves extended to the Sinai Desert and Jericho. The cave is named after King Zedekiah who is believed to have fled from the Babylonians through these tunnels in 587 B.C., only to be later captured soon after. The caves' paths lead into tunnels under the Old City.
Into the Old City, the Wittenberg House on Haguy Street was frequented by Mark Twain from September 1867. At least one of the 50 letters that became the basis for his book "Innocents Abroad," the most widely read travelogue in American literature, was written there and could be the inspiration for what Twain calls the Mediterranean Hotel in his writings. The Wittenberg House became famous when former Prime Minister Ariel Sharon purchased an apartment in it and lived there several days a week with his wife.
Onto the Via Dolorosa, the guest house of the Ecce Homo Convent, run by the Sisters of Notre Dame de Sion, provides spectacular views of the Old City and Mount of Olives. The name "Ecce Homo," in Latin "Behold the man" refers to Pontius Pilate's statement recorded in John 19:5: "Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them: ‘Behold the Man.'"
Peer into the Temple Mount area from the rooftop of the guest house and across the expanse of the Old City. But don't forget to head to the underground as well. The building, located at the beginning of the traditional Via Dolorosa, is built above a canal constructed at the time of the Hasmoneans in 2 BC that serviced cisterns in the Temple Mount area. The building also houses a pavement known as the Lithostrotos, large flat stones laid by Adrian that served as a plaza and marketplace to Aelia Capitolina, the name that Adrian gave to his new city, built in 135 AD on the ruins of Jerusalem.
If it is time now for recharging, the perfect place for a cappuccino and slice of delectable homemade carrot cake is Christ Church. Near the entrance of Jaffa Gate, Christ Church is the first Protestant church in the Middle East, built in 1849. The compound houses a church, guest house and a cafe. Besides the food and patio to help facilitate recharging, there is also ancient history to be seen at the Heritage Center. In addition to the restored church is a three-dimensional model of the Old City, historic documents, medieval Bibles and a 2,000-year-old water reservoir that leads to an ancient tunnel.
Now check your watch. Plan to be at the St. James Armenian Church at 3 p.m. This is the only time the oft-bypassed monastery is open to the public. Located within the residential compound, the church built in the 12th century, shows layer upon layer of architectural styles added as it stood through the years. Attesting to its age however is the fact that there is no electricity in the building still. Oil lamps provide the only illumination by night and the sun by day through scant windows. The Armenian service is primarily chanted by priests in ancient Armenian.
For a small overview of the Armenian presence in Jerusalem - the community has had a presence on Mount Zion since 301 AD - visit the Armenian Museum, also located in the convent but accessible through a separate entrance further down Armenian Patriarchate Road.
Heading into the Jewish Quarter a fascinating site with a mysterious historical story is the Burnt House. The home belonged to a Jewish family who lived there before Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD It was excavated in 1970, found buried beneath layers of soot and destruction. Within the house, archaeologists found a kitchen, work rooms and a small ritual bath plus stone water jars, inkwells and Roman coins.
Buried under a layer of ash and covered with soot, the house was probably burned down. A spear was also discovered there along with the bones of an arm that apparently belonged to a young Jewish woman who may have been reaching for the weapon to defend herself against the Roman seige. Photos of the bones are on display. As evidenced by some of the remains, the house may have belonged to the Bar Kathros family, a priestly family, which had abused its position in the Temple, as legend has it.
Time for dinner? Head back to the Armenian Quarter for a relaxing meal in the garden at Bulghourji Armenian Restaurant and Garden. The garden is located adjacent to the Old City walls and sits between the police station and the Armenian seminary. Here you can sample some Armenian style appetizers such as stuffed grape leaves, burekas (cheese-stuffed pastries), lahmajoun (Armenian-style pizza) and bulgur wheat salad, the establishment's specialty for which it is named. Western sandwiches, salads and meat dishes are also available.
You can wrap up the day with a light and sound show at the David Citadel Museum. The walls of the museum come to life with a technological walk through the history of the land. This restored citadel was constructed 2,000 years ago by Herod the Great. The panoramic route along the citadel towers provides breathtaking views of the city. The 45-minute state-of-the-art sound and light show, called "The Night Spectacular" is not narrated, but the images serve to paint 1,000 words about the history of the city.
By the end of day one, you've seen sites in all four quarters of the Old City.
Now it is time to step out of the Old City and get a different perspective of Jerusalem. Beginning just outside the walls near the Temple Mount and Western Wall plaza, head to what was once Jerusalem's center, the City of David, established by David as his headquarters and palace when he left Hebron and became king of Israel some 3,000 years ago. David's conquest of this Jebusite city is described in 2 Samuel.
On the surface, the City of David looks like a modern neighborhood of Jewish and Arab residents bordering the Arab town of Silwan, the Kidron Valley and opposite from the Mount of Olives. But underground, this site reveals archaeological finds of yore including excavated fortresses, passageways and water systems. The tour ends at the Gihon Spring, Jerusalem's major water source for some 1,000 years. You can actually walk through the spring in the Hezekiah Tunnel, underground in water - the depth depends on rainfall and time of year, but is at least ankle and knee high at some points.
The Gihon Spring was stopped by Hezekiah when he saw Assyrian King Sennacherib approaching the city. Had the king found water in abundance, Hezekiah feared he would have certainly conquered the city (2 Chronicles 32:2-4).
Overlooking David's city is the Hill of Evil Counsel. A Byzantine tradition identifies this hill as the place where Caiphas and his colleagues conspired to arrest Jesus (John 11:47-50). Today this hill provides a scenic vantage point to view the Old City from the South. Called, the Tayelet (or Haas Promenade), the scope of Jerusalem is laid out before you. You may rent segways (motorized standing carts) to cover the breadth of the hill, where the United Nations' headquarters are located today. Mosaics on various portions of the promenade show the direction of an aqueduct built by Herod the Great to bring water from well past Bethlehem, through his summer palace and to the Second Temple.
Nearby, the German Colony, now a yuppie neighborhood replete with cafes and trendy boutiques, was developed by the German Templars in the 1870s. There are two cemeteries in the neighborhood, a Templer cemetery on Emek Refaim Street, and next to it an eclectic Christian cemetery where lie Ulysses S. Grant's Jerusalem tour guide Rolla Floyd and Dola Ben-Yehuda daughter of Eliezer Ben Yehuda, the father of modern Hebrew. She was married to a gentile and is buried at his side. Another notable Christian, globally renowned and beloved Bible teacher and Christian author Derek Prince, was buried there as well in 2003 after spending much of his life in and devoted to Israel.
In town is another exciting Christian attraction: The Bible Society on Jaffa Street, has an exhibit called the Bible Experience, which walks visitors through the development of Biblical languages (Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek), materials used in recording the Bible through the generations and modern translations of the Bible. The exhibit contains the oldest known Book of Esther on papyrus in Greek, a full-size replica of the Gutenberg press and first edition Bibles printed in more than 50 languages.
If you want to stick with the water theme, you can hop in a car to Sataf, a serene park with ancient aqueducts and caves, just west of Jerusalem. Here on Mount Eitan, ancient mountainous agriculture is practiced as it was by the Israelites thousands of years ago. Today the work is still done by hand or with the help of farm animals, with no machinery or pesticides. Two springs, Ein Sataf and Ein Bikura, flow into the Sorek riverbed. At Ein Sataf you can walk through a cave following the tunnel to the other side. Be sure to bring a flashlight. On site is also the remains of a 4,000 BC Chalcolithic village with some of the oldest agricultural traces in the region as well as the remains of a pre-1948 Arab village.
There's no better night cap than that provided at the Bible Lands Museum. The museum holds concerts every Saturday evening during the summer serving wine and cheese while showcasing a variety of ethnic musics. The price of admission includes entry to the museum, which is a must. The collection of archeological artifacts transports you to ancient Middle Eastern cultures arranged chronologically and featuring objects, inscriptions, jewelry, seals and scarabs from Ancient Egypt, Syria, Anatolia, Mesopotamia and Persia. The museum seeks to illustrate the connection between the various peoples of the region. Also on site is a garden with trees and plants mentioned in the Bible.
Where to Stay?
The Prayer House
35 Nablus Road. Hours flexible, but call in advance of visit: 02.626.1439. Free.
Conrad Schick Street, off Nablus Road. Monday to Saturday from 9 a.m. to noon and 2 to 5:30 p.m. Closed Sundays. Free, but donations accepted.
Near the Damascus Gate. Daily 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Admission: 10 shekels.
41 Via Dolorosa. Daily 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Admission: 7 shekels. Contact: 02.627.7292
Daily 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Across from David Citadel entrance near Jaffa Gate.
Monday to Saturday, 9 am. to 5 p.m. Admission: 5 shekels.
2 Hakara'im Street. Sunday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Monday to Thursday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Friday and Jewish holiday eves 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Admission: 8 shekels. Contact: 02.628.7211
Bulghourji Armenian Restaurant and Garden
Daily from noon to 11 p.m.
July - August: Sunday to Thursday, Saturday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Friday from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.; September - June: Sunday to Thursday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.; Friday: closed; Saturday, holiday eves, holidays 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Admission: Museum 30 shekels; Night Spectacular 50 shekels; Both for 65 shekels. Contact: 02.626.5333
City of David
The City of David has different hours and prices depending on what you are interested in, from a site tour for 12 shekels to a motorized "Segway" tour for 160 shekels to 4x4s for 300 shekels and up. Consult the website for hours and prices: www.cityofdavid.org.il/info_eng2.asp
The Bible Society
17 Jaffa Road. Contact: 02.625.1849
There are a number of ways to reach the Sataf. Sataf Junction is located at the intersection of Routes #395 and #3965
Bible Lands Museum
Museum Row, 25 Granot Street. Open Sunday to Tuesday from 9:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.; Wednesday 9:30 a.m. to 9:30 p.m.; Friday and holiday eves 9:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. Admission: 32 shekels; Saturday Night Concerts (Tickets include museum admission): 75 shekels. Contact: 02.561.1066.
Nicole Jansezian writes for Travelujah, the leading Christian social network focused on travel to the Holy Land. Travelujah is a vibrant online community offering valuable planning resources, travel and tour services, user and expert blogs for people interested in learning about connecting to the land.