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May 11, 2010May 11, 2010  0 comments  Geography

While working on Jerusalem’s present day water infrastructure, workers uncovered a section of the city’s ancient aqueduct and a 14th century bridge near Sultan’s Pool, the Israel Antiquities Authority announced on Tuesday.

The aqueduct conveyed water to the Temple Mount during Solomon’s time.

“The bridge, which could still be seen at the end of the 19th century and appears in old photographs, was covered over during the 20th century,” said Yehiel Zelinger, excavation director on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority. “We were thrilled when it suddenly reappeared in all its grandeur during the course of the archaeological excavations.”

Zelinger explained that the aqueduct actually began in Bethlehem at Solomon’s Pools and ended at the Temple Mount cutting through the neighborhood today known as Yemin Moshe, across from Mount Zion. Its route has been documented by scholars. The bridge, Zelinger said, was built in order “to maintain the elevation of the path along which the water flowed.”

“Two of the original nine arches that were in the bridge were currently excavated to their full height of about 3 meters,” Zelinger said.

jerusalem, archaeology, aqueductThe bridge, rebuilt in 1320 by Sultan Nasser al-Din Muhammed Ibn Qalawun according to an inscription on the bridge, was constructed in order to replace a bridge from the time of the Second Temple period.

The Israel Antiquities Authority and Nature and Parks Authority plans to expose the entire length of the bridge and integrate it in the framework of the overall development of the Sultan’s Pool, as part of underscoring the importance of the water supply to Jerusalem in ancient times.

The Gihon Corporation, name for Jerusalem’s ancient source of water, is assisting in funding the excavations.

By Nicole Jansezian, Travelujah

Nicole Jansezian writes for Travelujah.com, the only Christian social network focused on travel to the Holy Land. Travelujah is a vibrant online community offering high quality Christian content, user and expert blogs, travel tours and planning services for people interested in connecting with or traveling to the Holy  Land.

August 5, 2013August 5, 2013  0 comments  History

An incredible discovery dating to the Crusader period (1099-1291 CE) was revealed today in Jerusalem in an excavation being done by the Israel Antiquities Authority in cooperation with the Grand BAzaar Company of East Jerusalem. An enormous part of a busy hospital was discovered in a building owned by the Islamic Waqfsituated in the heart of the Christian Quarter in the Old City of Jerusalem. The area is known as "Muristan" (a corruption of the Persian word for hospital), and is located near David Street, the main road in the Old City.

For the last decade the building had been sitting empty but in light of Grand Bazaar Company's plans to renovate the market and redevelop it as a restaurant, the Israel Antiquities Authority began to excavate the site. A small part was exposed but apparently covers an area of almost fifteen dunams and consists of huge pillars, ribbed vaults and stands over six meters high.

Excavation directors Renee Forestany and Amit Re'em, "We've learned about the hospital from contemporary historical documents, most of which are written in Latin. These mention a sophisticated hospital that is as large and as organized as a modern hospital. The hospital was established and constructed by a Christian military order named the "Order of St. John of the Hospital in Jerusalem" and known by its Latin name the Hospitallers (from the word hospital). These righteous warriors took an oath to care for and watch over pilgrims, and when necessary they joined the ranks of the fighters as an elite unit."

Similar to a modern hospital the ancient facility consisted of a number of different wings each for a different department. According to documents the hospitallers treated sick men and women of different religions and documents also indicate that the Crusaders ensured that their Jewish patients received kosher food. Apparently the local Muslim Arab population was instrumental in assisting the Crusaders in establishing the hospital and teaching them medicine.

An orphanage also functioned within the hospital as well. Contemporary documents provide much insight into the size of the hospital as well as the management.

The Crusader ruler Saladin lived near the facility. He renovated the building and also allowed ten Crusader monks to continue to reside there and serve the needs of the population of Jerusalem.

An earthquake struck in 1457 CE and the hospital was buried until the Ottoman period.
Plans for restaurant will incorporate the historical site, which will be integrated into the design of the restaurant, expected to open later in 2013.


Source: Israel Antiquities Authority; photo credit Yoli Schwartz, Israel Antiquities Authority

May 27, 2014May 27, 2014  0 comments  History

An extremely rare seal of the Monastery of St. Sabas dated from the the Crusader period was discovered during excavations in Jerusalem. Unearthed a year and a half ago it was only now identified as a unique seal stamped by the laura - the Monastery of St. Sabas. The 800 year old seal bears a Greek inscription and the obverse side carries a figure. Dr. Robert Kool of the Israel Antiquities Authority conducted the examination of the seal and Prof. Jean-Claude Cheynet of France identified it as a seal stamped by the laura - the Monastery of St. Sabas during the Medieval period.

The archaeological salvage excavations occurred during the summer of 2012 at the Horbat Mizmil antiquities site which revealed the remains of a farmstead constructed during the Byzantine period (fifth-sixth centuries CE). The site was abandoned during the end of the Byzantine period, and then resettled during the Crusader period (eleventh-twelfth centuries CE), reaching its peak size during the Mamluk period (thirteenth-fifteenth centuries CE).


Seals were regularly used in order to ensure that documents would not be opened by unauthorized persons. Seals were generally affixed to a letter, and consisted of a bulla - two blank lead disks which had a string that passed through a channel between them. In sealing the letter these discs were pressed together with a pincher shaped object with dyes, creating a double faced seal.


Mar Saba is the Syriac name of St. Sabas, and he was one of the most important and influential leaders of the Christian monastic movement developing in the Judean Desert during the Byzantine period. A number of monasteries were established by St. Sabas during the Byzantine period, however the most significinat achievement was the Monastery of St. Sabas, referred to as the "Great Laura". in The monastery is situated on a cliff overlooking Nahal Kidron and remains the only monastery in the Judean Desert continuously inhabited since its foundation. In fact there are ten Greek monks who currently reside in the monastery belonging to the Greek Orthodox Church. The monastery is only open to men, women are not allowed to visit.


Seal of Mar Saba


Pictures of the seal. Photographic credit: Clara Amit, courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority.



The seal underscores the important of the Mar Saba monastery during this period. It likely held a very important political role. According to Dr. Robert Kool, "the Mar Saba monastery apparently played an important role in the affairs of the Kingdom of Jerusalem during the Crusader period maintaining a close relationship with the ruling royal family. The monastery had numerous properties and this farm may have been part of the monastery's assets during the Crusader period. "


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Elisa L. Moed is the Founder and CEO of Travelujah-Holy Land Tours, the leading Christian travel network focused on Holy Land tours. People can learn, plan and share their Holy Land tour and travel experiences on Travelujah.



May 20, 2009May 20, 2009  0 comments  Biblical Archaeology


A first Temple-Era Bone Seal engraved with the name Shaul discovered in the excavations in the Walls around Jerusalem National Park in the City of David


During a visit to the City of David in Jerusalem, the Knesset presidium, headed by Speaker Reuben Rivlin, a Hebrew seal that dates to the time of the First Temple was displayed for the first time. The seal was found in an excavation that is being conducted in the Walls Around Jerusalem National Park, on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and in cooperation with the Nature and Parks Authority, under the direction of Professor Ronny Reich of the University of Haifa and Eli Shukron of the IAA, and underwritten by the ‘Ir David Foundation'.


The seal, which is made of bone, was found broken and is missing a piece from its upper right side. Two parallel lines divide the surface of the seal into two registers in which Hebrew letters are engraved. A period followed by a floral image or a tiny fruit appear at the end of the bottom name. The name of the seal's owner was completely preserved and it is written in the shortened form of the name Shaul (or Saul). The name is known from both the Bible (Genesis 36:37; 1 Samuel 9:2; 1 Chronicles 4:24 and 6:9) and from other Hebrew seals.


According to Professor Reich, "This seal joins another Hebrew seal that was previously found and three Hebrew bullae (pieces of clay stamped with seal impressions) that were discovered nearby. These five items have great chronological importance regarding the study of the development of the use of seals. While the numerous bullae that were discovered in the adjacent rock-hewn pool were found together with pottery sherds from the end of the ninth and beginning of the eighth centuries BCE, they do not bear any Semitic letters. On the other hand, the five Hebrew epigraphic artifacts were recovered from the soil that was excavated outside the pool, which contained pottery sherds that date to the last part of the eighth century.

It seems that the development in the design of the seals occurred in Judah during the course of the eighth century BCE. At the same time as they engraved figures on the seal, at some point they also started to engrave them with the names of the seals' owners. This was apparently when they started to identify the owner of the seal by his name rather than by some sort of graphic representation."


It appears that the "office" which administered the correspondence and received the goods that were all sealed with bullae continued to exist and operate within a regular format even after a residential dwelling was constructed inside the same "rock-hewn pool" and the soil and the refuse that contained the many aforementioned bullae were trapped beneath its floor. This "office" continued to generate refuse that included bullae, which were opened and broken, as well as seals that were no longer used and were discarded into the heap of rubbish that continued to accumulate in the vicinity.


May 20, 2009May 20, 2009  0 comments  Biblical Archaeology

 Ras El Amud Neighborhood  - Jerusalem surroundings area

Settlement remains dating to different phases of the Middle Canaanite period (2200-1900 BCE) and the last years of the First Temple period (eighth-seventh centuries BCE), including an inscription in ancient Hebrew script that mentions the name Menachem, were recently exposed in an archaeological excavation the Israel Antiquities Authority is conducting in the Ras el-Amud neighborhood of Jerusalem, prior to the construction of a girls’ school.


Among the remains from the First Temple period is a handle on which the Hebrew name Menachem is engraved. According to archaeologist Dr. Ron Beeri, the excavation director on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, “This important find joins similar names that were found in archaeological excavations in the Ancient East and in Israel in particular. The names Menachem and Yinachem are expressions of condolence – possibly related to the death of family members”.


Dr. Beeri adds that such names already appeared earlier in the Canaanite period: the name Yinachem was found written on an Egyptian pottery shard that dates to the eighteenth dynasty and the name Yinachemu is mentioned in the El-Amarna letters (from the fourteenth century BCE) as the name of an Egyptian governor on the Lebanese coast.


This is the first time that a handle with this name has been found in Jerusalem. The name Menachem is known from the corpus of Hebrew or Phoenician names and seals that bear this name were found in Israel, Assyria, Cyprus and Egypt. The name Menachem Ben Gadi is mentioned in the Bible. He reigned as king of Israel for ten years in Samaria and was one of the last kings of the Kingdom of Israel. According to Kings 2 Menachem Ben Gadi ascended the throne in the thirty-ninth year of Uzziah, king of Judah. Menachem, king of Israel, is also mentioned in the texts of the king of Assyria, Tiglath-Pileser III, as Menachem of Samaria and as one of the kings from whom he received tribute.


Photograph: Mariana Salzberger, Israel Antiquities Authority

November 8, 2009November 8, 2009  0 comments  Biblical Archaeology

Archaeological discovery in the Holy Land


In an excavation that was recently conducted c. 100 meters north of the Old City wall of Akko, a unique find, according to Dr. Edna Stern, excavation director on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority was discovered from the Crusader period (the thirteenth century CE) - a hoard of 350 marble items that were collected from buildings that had been destroyed.

The hoard was found within the framework of an archaeological excavation conducted by the Israel Antiquities Authority before the Akko Municipality began building a new structure to house classrooms in the Hilmi Shafi Educational Campus.

This find is the likes of which have never been discovered in the Kingdom of Jerusalem in the Crusader period (the capital of which was Akko).

During the archaeological excavations the Israeli Antiques Authority came upon a cellar that was sealed by collapse comprised of building stones and charred beams. Beneath the cellar floor a hoard of c. 350 marble items and colored stones was discovered, including two broken marble tombstones with Latin inscriptions (one belonging to a person by the name of Maratinus), flat marble slabs and marble tiles of various sizes and colors, etc.


Some more extraordinary items were found, such as a large stone cross and a large fragment of porphyry (a rare precious purple stone, which has been the color of royalty from Roman times). The quality of the marble is excellent and it was undoubtedly imported from abroad."

This discover confirm that at that time they used to integrate ancient architectural items from the Roman and Byzantine periods in their construction. And just like today, people at that time also yearned for the classic and the exotic.   According to Dr. Edna Stern, it is known from written sources that the residents of AKKO bought and sold such stones, which were exceptionally valuable, to be reused in buildings. The owner of the hoard,  was either a merchant or collected the stones for his own construction, and was aware of impending danger and therefore buried the valuable stones until such time as the tension abated.

However, the cache of stones was not sold in the end. According to Stern, "We can reasonably assume that the collapse that was found above the hoard is evidence of the building's destruction in 1291 CE, when Crusader Akko was conquered by the Mamluks and was completely devastated".

The marble hoard was removed from the field and transferred to the Israel Antiquities Authority for further study.



June 21, 2010June 21, 2010  2 comments  Biblical Archaeology

Participating as a volunteer in an archaeological digs generally  comes with a nice price tag. But here's a deal that's really worth looking at. Magdala, the home of a 1st century synagague. This incredible archaeological site where several months ago the oldest known engraving   of a seven branch menorah from the 1st temple period was discovered, is situated on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee just south of Ginosar, will soon be hosting its own on site dig and is looking for volunteers. And get this - its free. Read on.


According to the magdala dig blog - The dig will finance accommodations (meals and transportation) for volunteers for up to one month, if you wish to stay more, a  special price will be made. The accommodations will be in Tiberias, a town 5km /3 mi from Migdal. According to our discussions with Father John Solana, director of the Pontifical Institute of Jerusalem, the entity that owns the project (which is being developed as a 120 plus rooms Christian guesthouse and multi media center, known as Magdala Center) -accommodations are being made for dig volunteers to reside in the center of town, within a home owned by the Melkite Greek Catholic Church. . The Insitute has rented the home and is now refurbishing the quarter to include guest rooms which will come equipped with air conditioning, internet and a couple of small kitchenettes.


Approximately 3 hectares of land are being excavated at Migdala and Marcella Zapata, is the Mexican archaeologist who is directing the program. Anáhuac México South University, located in Mexco, obtained the excavation license from the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) which is providing local oversight. Thedig is being done in cooperation with the Archaeological Investigation Institute of  the National Autonomous University of Mexico and it represents the first project in which Mexico will be directing  in the field of Biblical Archaeology  in Israel.


Dig participants must be 18 years old and should be able to stay for at least one month. The dig is expected to be open for  volunteers from July 2010 through the end of 2013, excepting Easter and Christmas holidays.


For more information on the dig  - http://magdalaisrael.wordpress.com/author/magdalaisrael/;


For groups that might be interested in including one week of volunteer digging with a group tour - contact Travelujah.

August 23, 2011August 23, 2011  1 comments  Biblical Archaeology


The Old City of Jerusalem is famous for, among other things, its eight unique gates*, none of which are more impressive than the Damascus Gate.

Built by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in 1538 as part of a total revamp of Jerusalem's walls, the Damascus Gate featured a majestic crown-shaped parapet. But during the heavy fighting in and around the Old City during the Six Day War in 1967 the Damascus Gate's "crown" suffered considerable damage.

With so many ancient and biblical sites on their plate, it took Israeli archaeologists over 40 years to get around to it, but this year the Damascus Gate was finally restored to its original glory.

Damascus Gate


"The Old City of Jerusalem is a focus of interest for people the world over and the number one tourist attraction in Israel," said Elad Kendel, director of the Old City Basin in the Jerusalem Development Authority."The city walls and the gates are the first thing that everyone sees when they arrive at the Old City, and it is therefore important to us that tourists, both domestic and foreign, see the city in all its glory," Kendel added.

The Jerusalem Development Authority and the Israel Antiquities Authority have concluded a comprehensive cleaning of the gate's ancient stones and restoration of its famed parapet.

But getting the parapet just right was no easy task. Archaeologists had to consult photographs of the Damascus Gate taken during the early 20th Century when the British governed Jerusalem.

"Because of its beauty, Damascus Gate is also the most documented of Jerusalem's city gates and its historical material and numerous photographs facilitated an accurate restoration of its appearance," explained project architect Avi Mashiah. "Every single decoration, including all of its features, was studied and restored by us down to the smallest detail, in order to provide visitors to the gate as full and complete an experience as possible," Mashiah continued.


Damascus Gate

Damascus Gate lit up during the recent Jerusalem Light Festival. Credit: Allaboutjerusalem.com


To lessen the likelihood of the "crown" falling into disrepair any time soon, the archaeologists fixed them to the rest of the gate using special undetectable anchors.

The restoration team did not stop with the Damascus Gate, and is continuing their work along the length of the Old City's walls in a large-scale effort to enhance the impact of this holy city on visiting pilgrims.

* Including the closed Golden Gate. Jerusalem's Old City has seven open gates.



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Author: Ryan Jones, Travelujah



May 2, 2012May 2, 2012  0 comments  Biblical Archaeology

Renovations in Israel are ever far from simple. No one figured that the Beersheva bus station redevelopment would uncover an ancient Byzantine city buried deep below.

Two well-preserved churches, a Roman camp and several other structures were exposed in the recent excavations and what was most surprising was that no signs of destruction were discovered. Rather, it seems that the ancient residents of the town appeared to have left on their own.

The city is extremely well preserved, and archaeologists attribute this to the fact that the area was abandoned in the seventh century. The site will be preserved by a conservation crew  after the public has an opportunity to view the site. The site will later be recovered adn protected while the artifacts will be put on display at the new bus station.

The redevelopment of the city's old bus station mandated that an archeological dig be performed in order to see what lay under the facility, passengers had an opportunity to see the uncovered remains with their own eyes. Just a foot or two below the surface archaeologicsts found remains of a bustling Byzantine city of Beersheba, thought to be home to several thousand people as well as a popular stopping place for Negev travelers.

Like today, Beersheva's Old City bus station was the city center of life for the ancient civilization residing there 1,500 years ago.

According to a report in the Jerusalem Post:

"For Byzantine Beersheba, this was it," says Dr. Daniel Varga, excavation director for the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA), who conducted the dig. "This was the heart of the Byzantine city, right here. Two Byzantine churches were built within a radius of 300 meters from here, and right over there was the Roman military camp."

To read more about the Beersheva dig: read here.


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Elisa L. Moed is the Founder and CEO of Travelujah, the leading Christian social network focused on travel to the Holy Land. People can learn, plan and share their Holy Land tour and travel experiences on Travelujah.


June 25, 2013June 25, 2013  0 comments  Biblical Archaeology

An 1800 year old Roman era road was exposed this week during road work in Beit Hanina, a neighborhood in Jerusalem. The road is part an ancient Imperial road network leading from Jaffa to Jerusalem, dating to the Roman period (second-fourth centuries CE).The wide road (c. 8 m) was bounded on both sides by curbstones and is built of large flat stones fitted to each other so as to create a comfortable surface for walking. Some of the pavers were very badly worn, indicating the extensive use that was made of the road, and over the years the road also underwent a series of repairs.


beit hanina

Roman road discovery in Beit Hanina, Photo: Assaf Peretz, courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority


According to David Yeger, excavation director on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, which was overseeing the excavation that was being conducted during drainage work undersway in the area, "Several segments of the road were previously excavated by research expeditions of the IAA, but such a finely preserved section of the road has not been discovered in the city of Jerusalem until now".

"The Romans attached great importance to the roads in the empire. They invested large sums of money and utilized the most advanced technological aids of the period in order to crisscross the empire with roads. These served the government, military, economy and public by providing an efficient and safe means of passage. Way stations and roadside inns were built along the roads, as well fortresses in order to protect the travelers. The construction and maintenance of the roads was assigned to military units, but civilians also participated in the work as part of the compulsory labor imposed on them by the authorities."


In some places the modern Bir Nabala road was paved just a few centimeters above the route of the ancient road, which indicates that until a few decades ago the ancient road in this region was visible and was used.



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Source: Israel Antiquities Authority


August 3, 2009August 3, 2009  0 comments  Events

Traveling with kids? Looking for an educational and fun way to entertain them? Head over to the Israel Museum on either a Monday, Wednesday or Thursday this month. The museum has constructed an archaeological tell where your kids can learn and participate in a minature archaeological dig. Let them learn about sifting and antiquities in this hands on activity. The cost is $50 per child and is recommedned for kids 7 years and up. By the way, the museum is offering free admission to kids for the entire month of August. While you're at it, you can enjoy breakfast in a prehistoric cave on Mon, Tues, and Wednesday at 11:30. No need to know hebrew to experience this museum.


January 11, 2012January 11, 2012  0 comments  Historical Sites

A small ceramic stamp used to mark bakery produce may not seem like a significant archeological find, but Israeli archeologists are rather excited by such a discovery made near the northern coastal town of Akko.


In previous eras, Akko was known as Acre, and was a major Christian stronghold in the Holy Land. That is why interest has been piqued by the small ceramic stamp bearing an image of the seven-branched Temple Menorah, which was found in a controlled archeological dig at Horbat Uza just outside Akko. The stamp dates back to the 6th century AD, a time when Akko was a Christian-dominated city under the Byzantine Empire. Gilad Jaffe and Dr. Danny Syon, who are directing the dig on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, were pleased to be able to do definitely date the artifact:


Excavation site near Acre

Excavation site near Acre; courtesy Israel Antiquities Authority


"This is the first time such a stamp is discovered in a controlled archaeological excavation, thus making it possible to determine its provenance and date of manufacture."


The existence of the stamp is evidence that despite Christian control of that part of the Holy Land at that time, a Jewish presence remained. And, that presence must have been somewhat significant if it required its own dedicated bakeries to produce certified kosher goods.


Bread stamp

Anient bread stamp with menorah caving Courtesy: Israel Antiquities Authority


"The stamp is important because it proves that a Jewish community existed in the settlement of Uza in the Christian-Byzantine period. The presence of a Jewish settlement so close to Akko - a region that was definitely Christian at this time - constitutes an innovation in archaeological research," stated Jaffe and Syon in an official press release. "Due to the geographical proximity of Horbat Uza to Akko, we can speculate that the settlement supplied kosher baked goods to the Jews of Akko in the Byzantine period."

The stamp itself is of similar design to other Jewish bread stamps found around the region, though which have not been as definitely dated as the Horbat Uza stamp. It is engraved on the flat end with a seven-branched menorah, "a Jewish symbol par excellence," noted Jaffe and Syon, which identified anything marked with the stamp as being undeniably of Jewish manufacture. Along the neck of the stamp's handle are carved Greek letters that experts believe spell out the name Launtius, a common Jewish name in Byzantine times.

This important discovery was only made because of plans to build a new railroad connecting Akko to the central Galilee town of Karmiel. So inundated is the Holy Land with historical remains that any simple construction project must be preceded by a painstaking archeological review and even a comprehensive dig to ensure that the past is not lost in making way for the future.


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Ryan Jones writes for Travelujah-Holy Land Tours, the leading Chrsitian social network focused on travel to the Holy Land. People can learn, plan and share their Holy Land tour and travel experiences on Travelujah.


January 9, 2014January 9, 2014  0 comments  Historical Sites

Despite its small size, Palestinian village of Aboud has a lot of interesting sights to offer. From its beautiful natural countryside views full of olive and citrus trees, through various archaeological findings of great importance to the local legends and traditions.


People from Aboud state that the name of their village is given after the Biblical Prophet Obadiah (who is also said to be buried in Sebastiya). Aboud is also often called “city of flowers” for its rich nature. A document written by L.E.P. Lombarti in 1959 states that a priest Elias Al-Aboudi initiated this nickname.


Lemon Valley in Aboud Travelujah


How to get there?


Aboud is placed 30 km northwest from Jerusalem, in the Palestinian Territories. The village is located along the road #465, which can be reached by following the main road #60 towards north.


Significant Archaeological Findings


The remains of Roman, Byzantine, Crusader, Ayyubid, Mameluke and Ottoman occupations are evident in several sites of the village.


Roman Tombs in Aboud Travelujah


Just 2 km from the core of the village is located al-Maqata, which is an impressive site of ancient Roman quarry and burial place. The regular rectangular cuts in the dark stone are clearly visible. Ornaments of flowers and fruits decorate entrances to the tombs, which interiors are covered with (now faded) frescoes.


Ancient Churches of Aboud


There are ruins of nine ancient churches scattered around the area of Aboud.


St. Mary Church al-Abudiyah in Aboud Travelujah


In the middle of the village are located hardly seen ruins of its oldest church called by the locals Messieh, which name derives from the Arabic word meaning Christ. According to the local tradition, Aboud received the Christian faith from Christ himself that preached on that spot. The village lies on the principal Roman road via Gophna (Jifna) to Antipatris (Ras el-Ain) that Jesus and the Holy Family could have used when travelling between the Galilee and Jerusalem.


A colored byzantine mosaic floor of Simon’s Church was found on the site of the modern Roman Catholic Convent built in 1912/3.


St. Mary Church al-Abudiyah in Aboud Travelujah


The Orthodox church of St. Mary, which is also know under the name al-Abudiyah, is located in the center of the village. The first church was built during the 5th century A.D. Byzantine remains are incorporated in the later construction, which according to the inscription in the Aramaic language took place in the middle of the 11th century. Outside the present structure we can also see excavated Byzantine mosaic floor. The entire northern wall, most of the windows and the west door were added in the 18th century.


St. Barbara from Aboud


There were also found ruins of ancient churches dedicated to St. Tadros and St. Barbara. The local tradition keeps that the Saints were from the same village. Thus it is believed that both of them were from Aboud and it is not a coincidence that the churches named after them were found so close to each other.


Acoording to the Palestinian legend, St. Barbara was born in Aboud to a Roman landlord Dioscorus. The woman fell in love with a Christian man and was baptized, what made her pagan father extremely furious. He punished and imprisoned her. The next morning St. Barbara’s body was recovered and she managed to escape. Dioscorus send his soldiers to look for his daughter, but she hid in the fields of grain, which completely covered her. Unfortunately, finally her father found her and sentenced her to death in martyrdom.


St. Barbara Shrine in Aboud Travelujah


The Byzantine ruins of Saint Barbara’s church are located on a hill west of the village. The Saint is venerated by both Christian and Muslim villagers. Palestinians celebrate the feast of St. Barbara (Eid Burbara) on the 17th of December and on that day numerously pilgrimage to the site. Traditionally, probably because it was grain that saved Barbara, a sweet dish burbara made from wheat seasoned with sugar, cinnamon, fennel and anise, is prepared by women allover the country.


Hike in Aboud


It could be a great idea to visit the village on foot and even hike in its environs, especially during the spring time when a walker could enjoy the rich nature and plenty of spring flowers. ‘Walking Palestine’ book by Stefan Szepsi describes tree hiking trails around the village.


Canaan Winery


Canaan Winery in Aboud Travelujah


Canaan is a boutique winery that was established by Ibrahim Hmaid in his home village Aboud in 2005 as “a natural continuation of centuries-old wine making tradition in Palestine”. For production of his dry natural red wine Mr. Ibrahim uses the best quality baladi grapes that are grown in the area of Hebron hills, which is know for its vine abundance since the Biblical times.


If you would like to taste Canaan homemade wine so contact Mr. Ibrahim at 0599728078. He is also a very knowledgable person, who could tour you around Aboud.



Beata Andonia blogs regularly for Travelujah, the leading faith-based social network in the Holy Land. She is originally from Poland and moved to Bethlehem in 2010. 

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